160 Scriptural Quotations and Allusions in Mark 11-16

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by Neil Godfrey

As an addendum to the previous post I refer here to Howard Clark Kee’s list of scriptural quotations, allusions and influences in the second half of the Gospel of Mark, chapters 11 to 16. Kee points out that

Even a casual glance at the margins of the Nestle-Aland text of Mark will suggest that in the passion section the number of quotations from and allusions to scripture increases sharply as compared with the first ten chapters of the book. When to the categories of quotations and allusions is added the less precise factor of ‘influence’, the links between the Jewish biblical tradition and the later chapters of Mark become even more numerous and potentially significant. . . .

Of the approximately 160 allusions to scripture in Mk 11-16, nearly half are from the prophets (exclusive of Daniel), a fourth are evenly divided between Daniel and the Psalms, slightly fewer than an eighth are from the extra-canonical writings (mostly from what are known as Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha), and the remainder are from Torah, the historical books and the other writings.

(Lee, Howard Clark, 1975. “The Function of Scriptural Quotations and Allusions in Mark 11-16” in E.E. Earle and W.G. Keummel (eds) Jesus and Paulus, Geottingen, Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. pp. 165-188)

I have set out Kee’s list of quotations and allusions in three posts:

Chapters 11-12

Chapter 13

Chapters 14-16



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Neil Godfrey

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10 thoughts on “160 Scriptural Quotations and Allusions in Mark 11-16”

  1. It is supposed by critical scholars that there is a historical crucifixion core that lies beneath all the scriptural references. But even the atoning act of crucifixion itself is traced by Paul in Galatians 3:13 to Deuteronomy 21:22-23. And the act of crucifixion may also be an allusion to Plato’s impaled Just man (Plat. Rep. 2.362a) – crucifixion being a type of impaling.

    If even the actual act of crucifixion itself may be derived from scripture, as Paul seems to want to, I think we need to start taking Doherty very seriously that it may have been a celestial Christ that was crucified.

    Carrier, in “On The Historicity Of Jesus,” says 1 Cor 15: 3-8 may be read to mean that Paul discovered all the things surrounding Jesus crucifixion by reading scripture, not just that they were the fulfillment of scripture:

    “3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: how Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 was buried, rose again the third day according to the Scriptures (1 Corinthians 15:3-8)”

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