For those interested in the Q debate the following is adapted from a footnote in Andrejevs, Olegs. 2019. Apocalypticism in the Synoptic Sayings Source: A Reassessment of Q’s Stratigraphy. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. (p. 1)
For recent arguments against the 2DH, see, e.g.,
- Mark S. Goodacre, The Case Against Q: Studies in Markan Priority and the Synoptic Problem (Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2002);
- Francis Watson, Gospel Writing: A Canonical Perspective (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2013).
For responses to these scholars, see, e.g.,
- Paul Foster, “Is It Possible to Dispense with Q?” NovT 45 (2003): 313-37;
- John S. Kloppenborg, “On Dispensing with Q? Goodacre on the Relation of Luke to Matthew,” NTS 49 (2003): 210-36;
- Christopher M. Tuckett, “Watson, Q and L/M,” in Gospel Interpretation and the Q-Hypothesis (ed. Mogens Müller and Heike Omerzu; LNTS 573; London: T&T Clark, 2018), 115-38
(for Watson’s rejoinder, see “Seven Theses on the Synoptic Problem, in Disagreement with Christopher Tuckett,” in Idem, 139^47).
For classic comprehensive cases in support of the 2DH, see
- Joseph A. Fitzmyer, “The Priority of Mark and the ‘Q’ Source in Luke,” in Jesus and Man’s Hope (ed. Donald G. Miller; Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, 1970), 131-70;
- W. D. Davies and Dale C. Allison, The Gospel According to Saint Matthew (ICC 26; 3 vols.; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1988-97), 1.115-21;
- John S. Kloppenborg Verbin, Excavating Q: The History and Setting of the Sayings Gospel(Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2000), 11-54.
For recent investigations demonstrating the viability of the 2DH, see
- Robert A. Derrenbacker, Ancient Compositional Practices and the Synoptic Problem (BETL 186; Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2005);
- Alan Kirk, Q in Matthew: Ancient Media, Memory, and Early Scribal Transmission of the Jesus Tradition (LNTS 564; London: T&T Clark, 2016).
For additional recent statements by Q scholars, see
- Simon J. Joseph, The Nonviolent Messiah: Jesus, Q, and the Enochic Tradition (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2014), 8-10;
- Giovanni B. Bazzana, Kingdom of Bureaucracy: The Political Ideology of Village Scribes in the Sayings Gospel Q (BETL 274; Leuven: Peeters, 2015), 2-3.
While a close discussion of the synoptic problem lies outside the scope of this monograph, it is perhaps worth emphasizing that the solutions of Goodacre and Watson are equally, if not more so, hypothetical than the 2DH.